Viticulture in Moldova



Posted by Vasile

Main areas of growing-vine The general public knows little about the differences characteristic of different parts of Moldovian winemaking. Meanwhile, experts differ on Moldovan territory no less than four arealuri: Codri area (Central), South-Eastern, Southern and Northern. Moldovian wine-space division into zones was proposed in the complex study of teacher Mrs. Ivanova in 1954. During research surveys were obtained relevant data on existing territorial entities following weather: North (Balti) – with limits Sculeni -Floresti-Soroca- Balti, Central (Codru) - with limits Leova-Cimislia-Tighina, Southern (Cahul ) - it includes all the territory of north-day Pruto-dunarean and South-Eastern Nistreana(Dniester) - fixed into Camenka and Slobozia. After studies were also shaped micro areas growing grapes and producing raw materials for elite white and red wines, spirits and those flavored,etc. Currently, Moldova's Law "The Grape-vine and wine", adopted by Parliament on June 2, 1994 (№ 132-XIII), determine the areas, centers and vini-growing districts as areas for growing grapes of technical varieites and production of wine.

Further Moldovian wineries have a production potential which allows them to launch excellent wines. Here are some geographical landmarks: Mandresti and Inesti, Peresecina and Manta county Orhei ,Bacioi, Milestii Mici and Durlesti county Chisinau, Ciumai and Albota from Taraclia county, Rascov and Camenka, Tigheci and Leova, Carpineni, Minjir, Stolniceni and Lapusna, Varzaresti , Iurceni, Nisporeni, Grozesti (Ungheni) Trifesti and Ciobalaccia (Cahul) Talmaz, Tudora, Carahasani and Salcuta (Tighina), Cimislia and Basarabeasca.

The Codru Area (Central)

It is situated between the wooded hills that were once the refuge of heros . Favorable configuration of the relief protects vineyards from winter frosts and summer heat .The ensemble of conditions encouraging cultivation of varieties of white grapes from which are produced soft wine. The last time the variety of all wines have become popular blended wines that combine in their taste sensation of freshness and sweetness, having a distinct floral flavor. The Central area of Moldova is the most highly developed as economic part. Here is the main massive plantations of grape-vine (60%) and most specialized companies in primary winemaking as well and in wine production -bottling of all varieties. In Codri area are deployed the famous cellars of Cricova ,Branesti and Milesti,which have an ideal conditions for keeping and aging production (+ 12 to 14 degrees Celsius and 80% humidity) and the ability to store millions dal of wine and cognac .These are waiting the time of meeting with consumer deep underground in the galleries , giving the stone which is built Chisinau. The richest collection of wines found in the underground of Cricova. In their place are found the part of wine collection of Hermann Ghoering , submitted to Moldova after the Second World War. In this collection is unique glass left in the world " Paschal wine”, produced in 1902 the company" Mogit David”. Spatial diversity (micro-section) allow production of unique wines in Codri area ,manageable in terms of provenance. Exactly here vineyards fruitful renowned Romanian households, in the past Russian imperial estate of the Romanov dynasty. The micro area Hancesti over a century occur the grape varieties Cabernet -Sauvignon and Merlot, red wines, whose top varieties are not inferior of famous Chateau bordolez. Local wines production has repeatedly awarded the supreme distinctions at prestigious international contests.

The South-Eastern or Purcari (Nisreana)

The South-Eastern (Purcari) area extends in the form of narrow strip along the shoreNistru( Dniester). The upper limit is included center of Purcari winemaking, famous for his red and black wines,Rosu si Negru de Purcari.Climatic conditions are favorable to cultivate varieties of red grapes - Merlot, Cabernet- Sauvignon and Rara Neagra, on which base are producing wines with harmonious matured taste, full and rich bouquet in shades of roan, blackberry, violets and noble oak. At the end of XIX century Purcari wines were required significant amounts of British royal court.

The South area (Cahul)

His perimeter includes the Bugeac steppe and the southern extremety. These two areas are equally arid, but their soils and climatic conditions have different characteristics. The territory found to the south day is favorable for produce red wines and sweets varieties. The most known wine centers in this area are Comrat, Taraclia, Ciumaiul and Trifesti.

The Northern area (Balti)

The Northern area have not significant industrial plantations of grape-vines. There the grapes are grown on primary materials processing to produce cognac, as base for special wines and partially consumed fresh. In northern Moldova vineyards are planted mainly with white grape varieties: Aligote, Feteasca, Pinot, Traminer...