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At the monument of architecture "House I.A. Oksinoit"

At the monument of architecture

Chisinau, Schusev St. №62

 A two-story building located on the corner of Pushkin Street (formerly Gubernskaya St.) and Shchuseva (formerly Leovskaya St.), facing one facade on Pushkin Street, and the other, more elongated, on Shchusev Street, the so-called “House Oksinoita” - a monument architecture of municipal importance.

* * *

In the middle of the 19th century, a city estate (a yard land plot with buildings), located in the 1st part of the city of Chisinau, on the corner of Leovskaya and Gubernskaya streets, the owner of the city of Chisinau Pavel Stepanovich Lyulya. Having borrowed a large sum of money from the doctor, state adviser Joseph Khristoforovich Klepatsky, Lyulya could not pay the loan to the lender and his real estate (estate) during the auction, where he bought the property of I.S. Klepatsky (by the way, sole bidder). Soon Klepatsky died and all his capitals and real estate, including his estate and estate, passed to his heirs, young sons, over whom guardianship had been established before their perfect age.

After some time, the widow became interested in the estate, the noblewoman Elizaveta Zakharova, who bought the estate from her guardians in two visits (each half), since it was considered more profitable to get rid of the property, because it was better to leave the property, in malfunctioning state, as noted in the document: “Real estate located in the first part of the city of Chisinau on the corner of Gubernskaya and Leovskaya streets, bordering Leovskaya street, at there are 15 sazhens and 1 arshin on the other, Gubernskaya street along which there are 20 soot and 3/4 arshin ... This property is fenced with an old wooden fence and consists of the following parts: A, old one-story stone house, covered with tiles, about 5 rooms with sons, an old wooden corridor, a stone cellar near the house, floors, doors, windows, and stoves are old, the roof is old and the places have leaked; B, one-storied old-fashioned, wicker-swathing outbuilding, covered shingle, in which there are two rooms with sons ...; B, dilapidated plank, shed, in two separate rooms; "D, a dilapidated wooden cellar and D, an old wooden shelter, covered with silk."

But Zakharova was not going to engage in the arrangement of the estate and quickly sold it to the Chisinau merchant Ihel Berkovich Lipkansky, having welded a couple of hundred rubles in silver on this transaction.

  1. B. Lipkanskiy owned the estate for 7 years and, probably, made certain efforts to maintain the building in a better condition. On May 21, 1893 he sells the estate to the Chisinau citizen Menasha Berkovich Oksman, who, in turn, almost exactly a year later, on April 27, 1894 resolds the estate to the merchant Itsek Alterovich Oksinojt, then there is a courtyard plot with buildings: “One-story stone house, the length is six fathoms and the floor is arshin, the width is five fathoms and the wool is verkhkov, there are five rooms and a front, of which there are two rooms without floors, the height of the house is two rooms; P ogreb dvashki ”, as well as a wattle-and-roll outbuilding, etc.

So, in 1894 the only stone building was fixed on the estate - a five-room house with a cellar to raise the entire length of the house, and on January 7, 1897, when Oksinoit filed a document (for renting apartment taxes) describing the apartment that is under construction on its estate, then he indicates 27 rooms. Among the apartments, the owner’s tavern and the grocery store held by A.S. Idelman are indicated. Thus, it turns out that all these apartments existed already in 1896. In the next year, along with the rented apartments, Oksinoit's Wine Cellar, Treasury Wine Shop and Khaim Veksler's Grocery Shop are also indicated.

The foregoing data and prompted us to assume that it was in 1894 - 1895 that Oksinoitom undertook the construction of new buildings in the courtyard. On the other hand, the reconstruction of the old stone house in the cellar, as a result of which there was a two-story building with an extensive basement, i.e. nowadays existing object - a monument of architecture. / If we follow such a repair and construction logic, then the lower part of the building is the remains of a dilapidated one-story house, and the upper part (second floor) is an oxoite building. /

Throughout the entire existence of the building (presumably from 1895), not only with the smallest owner, but even with the smallest social formations, the first floor has always functioned as a commercial institution, although there was no need for specialization, but the first . In chronological order it looks like this: 1896-1898 - inn, grocery store - wine cellar, wine store, grocery store; approximately from 1908 - the shop of I.Oksinoit, 1920-1930. and until 1940 - D.Oksinoit's shop; in the last years of war (Soviet period) - grocery store No. 9 of Gorpischetorg, mineral water store of the Avtomat association; Presently - Restaurant, Degustation Hall.

Brief historical information is compiled on the basis of historical and archival sources stored in the National Museum of the National Economy (National Archive of the Republic of Moldova).

A brief historical background was:

 

09.12.2018                                                                                                                 D. Koval

 

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